The main goals of Radio Frequency Regulation and Monitoring Department of the Communications Regulatory Commission (CRC) of Mongolia are to encourage efficient spectrum use, to introduce new spectrum efficient technologies and to avoid and minimize the risks of interferences caused by misuse or inappropriate assignment. The objectives of spectrum management is making spectrum available widely, controlling interference between users and services and ensuring efficient use of spectrum.
The radio frequency spectrum is scarce, limited but renewable resource. Spectrum can be used for many applications and several applications can use any given frequency. On the other hand applications can utilize different bands of frequencies and different applications use different bandwidth. The main functions of the department is frequency allocation, assignment, licensing, monitoring and control of radio frequency use.
Due to development of new advanced technologies, usage and demand for radio frequency increasing worldwide so that well planned, efficient radio frequency spectrum management required. Limited spectrum resource is coordinated and regulated on the national and international level.
On the International level ITU regulates radio spectrum usage worldwide. Mongolia is a member of ITU, which is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technology. World Radio Conference is held every three to four years organizes by ITU. WRC-15 was held in Geneva in November 2015. CRC of Mongolia participates every WRC and sends delegation to represent Mongolia.
On the national level an independent authority, CRC of Mongolia is responsible for following issues as:
Radio Frequency Regulation and Monitoring Department of the CRC of Mongolia constantly issues and updates procedures, regulations, requirements and recommendations to support frequency management activities. These documents include conditions for use, procedure for applying and renewing license, permission, technical and operational requirements, channeling plans and all other related information.
National frequency table is the basis on effective, efficient and appropriate frequency management within national boundary. CRC of Mongolia updates National Spectrum Plan reflecting changes made during WRC. The plan consolidates Mongolia’s strategic policy objectives for the national market, with international market standards, global radio spectrum allocation and technical standards for international connectivity, as stipulated by the International Telecommunication Union’s Radio Regulations.
The next revision of the National Spectrum Plan will be released in 2016 in response to the Final Act of WRC 2015.
The graphical guide to major frequency allocations is shown in the picture below.
National radio spectrum regulation and frequency assignment is made on basis of national and international radio frequency allocation table and resolutions determined by the ITU and WRC. These radio frequency allocation, regulation and technical requirements are developed according to international trends, technological developments of radio communication services and its application and ITU-R recommendations in research among sector experts, operators opinion and discussion, approved by the Commission meeting.
Following types of documents have been developed and approved by the CRC.
Radio frequency regulation documents approved by CRC can be found on the following link.
|No||Name||Date of approval||Resolution No.||Type||Description|
|1||1.5 GHz and 2 GHz Radio frequency band regulation and technical requirements||18 March, 2011||10||Technical requirements||Newly approved|
|2||Regulatory document of short-distance radio communication equipment, operational parameter and frequency band||10 May, 2012||33||Direction of regulation||Amendment made|
|3||Regulatory direction of 470-690MHz frequency band, which is to be used for broadcasting of digital TV in Mongolia||01 Mar, 2013||12||Direction of regulation||Newly approved|
|4||Distribution of UHF 340-350MHz frequency band in Mongolia, technical requirements||15 Mar, 2013||16||Terms and requirements||Revoked the Resolution No. 18, “To distribute frequency band”, of CRC dated on 26 June, 2009 and newly approved.|
|5||Distribution of UHF 400-430MHz frequency band in Mongolia, technical requirements||15 Mar, 2013||17||Terms and requirements||Revoked the Resolution No. 24, “To distribute frequency band”, of CRC dated on 14 April, 2011 and newly approved.|
|6||Distribution of UHF 440-450MHz frequency band in Mongolia, technical requirements||15 Mar, 2013||18||Terms and requirements||Revoked the Resolution No. 13, “To distribute frequency band”, of CRC dated on 08 May, 2009 and newly approved.|
|7||Technical and operational terms and requirements for communication radio stations to be used in territory of Mongolia||01 May, 2013||25||Terms and requirements||Updated and approved|
|8||Technical specifications and regulatory requirements of network to distribute multi-channels of digital TV to multiple points||28 Jun, 2013||29||Terms and requirements||Revoked the Resolution No. 28 of CRC dated on 07 May, 2010 and newly approved.|
|9||Direction of regulation for 2700-2900MHz frequency band in Mongolia||28 Jun, 2013||29||Direction of regulation||Revoked the Resolution No. 38 of CRC dated on 31 May, 2011 and newly approved.|
|10||Terms and requirements of license to use radio frequency||29 Jun, 2013||36||Terms and requirements||Updated and approved|
|11||Regulation and technical terms and requirements of radio frequency band regulation (Frequency band 2.4GHz)||30 Aug, 2013||44||Terms and requirements||Newly approved|
|12||Regulation and technical terms and requirements of radio frequency band regulation (Frequency band 5GHz)||30 Aug, 2013||45||Terms and requirements||Newly approved|
|13||Special terms and requirements of license to provide internet service||06 Sep, 2013||49||Terms and requirements||Updated and approved|
|14||Procedure to issue radio frequency license through competitive selection||06 Dec, 2013||61||Procedure||Updated and approved|
|16||Regulation of very small aperture terminal (VSAT)||25 Apr, 2014||12||Direction of regulation||Updated and approved|
|17||Quality Manual||17 Jun, 2014||19||Updated and approved|
|18||Radio frequency band regulation for digital radio relay||17 Jun, 2014||20||Regulation||Newly approved|
|19||6-13 GHz radio frequency band regulation for radio relay||4 Jul 2014||30||Regulation||Newly approved|
|20||Regulation of mobile satellite service||4 Jul 2014||31||Regulation||Newly approved|
|21||Regulation for analogue to digital television broadcasting transition||4 Jul 2014||32||Regulation||Newly approved|
|22||15 GHz radio frequency band regulation for radio relay||30 Sept, 2014||48||Regulation||Newly approved|
|23||18 GHz, 22 GHz, 38 GHz radio frequency band regulation for radio relay||8 Dec, 2014||54||Regulation||Newly approved|
|24||Technical and operational requirements for Mobile trunking radio services UHF 342.0-344.5 / 347.0-349.5 MHz plan||23 Mar, 2015||11||Technical requirements|
|25||Regulation of Transmitting and Receiving Antennas Registration on Wireless Communication||23 Mar, 2015||12||Regulation||Newly approved|
|26||31-33.4 GHz radio frequency band regulation for radio relay||20 May, 2015||23||Regulation||Newly approved|
The Radio Frequency Regulation incorporates and adapts the decisions of the World Radiocommunication Conferences (WRCs), including all Appendices, Resolutions, Recommendations and ITU-R Recommendations for efficient, interference free use of radio frequency.
For international regulations, the Rules of Procedure are strictly followed from ITU-R published radio regulations and recommendations. They complement the Radio Regulations by providing clarification of the application of particular Regulations or establishing the necessary practical procedures that may not be included in the current national Regulatory Procedures. We adopt and interpret the regulations according to our needs and specifications.
Radio communications ITU - http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/Pages/default.aspx regulates following areas
- Spectrum management, research materials and publishes;
- International spectrum allocations, standards, recommendations;
- International coordination, notification and recording procedures for terrestrial systems and examination of frequency assignment notices submitted by Administrations (Membership) for inclusion in the Master International Frequency Register (MIFR) and Plans;
- Disaster management;
- Meteorological activities and studies;
- International coordination, notification and recording procedures for space systems and earth stations and examination of frequency assignment notices submitted by Administrations (Membership) for inclusion in the Master International Frequency Register (MIFR).
Manages procedures for space-related ITU assignment or allotment plans for launching of satellites. http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/go/space/en
Radio frequency International Master Registry, Space service
Guideline to the international master registry for Space service is located: http://crc.gov.mn/file/newfile/20150216%20-%20MIFR-d%20burtuuleh%20zuvlumj.pdf
INTERNATIONAL FREQUENCY INFORMATION CIRCULAR (TERRESTRIAL SERVICES)
Due to the large volume of the data, the BR International Frequency information Circular (BR IFIC) is published in two parts according to services, namely Terrestrial Services and Space Services. The BR IFIC (Terrestrial Services) represents a reference publication which contains the following information that is relevant for frequency management purposes. This part of the Preface describes the Terrestrial services part of the above Circular, currently in DVD-ROM format. The BR IFIC (Terrestrial Services) contains:
The details of the data of the recorded assignments and those contained in the notices under treatment and other data are structured as follows:
Administrative Data; Emission Characteristics, Station Information, Finding Information, Publication Information, Coordination Information, Main Antenna Characteristics, Receiving station information, Reference Data, Table of Attenuations, Table of Effective antenna Heights and Remarks as these appear using TerRaQ query software.
An Index of the notices published in Parts I, II and III as well as those in Parts A, B and C of the Special Sections of the Terrestrial Plans can be viewed in the Circular (DVD-ROM) using TerRaQ software and sorted by fragment, assigned frequency, etc. with other minimum essential details to identify the assignments. This list of index for notification under Article 11 and the complete information in respect of Special Sections are also posted at the following ITU website and distributed on paper to those administrations requesting it can get from: http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/terrestrial/brific/Pages/default.aspx
Following records have been submitted to the BRIFIC from Mongolian administration:
Regulations and publications http://www.itu.int/pub/R-REG
Main page to BRIFIC http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/terrestrial/brific/Pages/default.aspx
Service specific guidelines http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/terrestrial/tpr/Pages/Notification.aspx
Cross Border Frequency Coordination
Mongolia is landlocked country located between Russia and China with total border length of 3485 km. Since radio waves are propagate without limitation over the national boundaries cross border frequency coordination between neighboring countries is very important for the efficient use of limited spectrum and interferences avoidance.
Cross border frequency coordination agreement between administrations of Mongolia and Russian Federation on the radio frequency spectrum regulation and use in the border areas has been signed in 2013.